why is hygiene important

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            why is hygiene important

why is hygiene important     Domestic Hygiene are jobs done to keep the house and clothes Clean. These Jobs includes the following: sweeping of the floor,washing of clothes, washing of the toilets etc.  why is hygiene important….

In the other hand any negligence off these activities stated above is regarded as a Poor Domestic Hygiene which are; not cleaning the toilet, not disposing of refuse, not storing food properly, washing of clothes and other personal belongings – Contributes to illness, and death.

HOUSING

Housing is regarded as a healthy place where individual finds shelter, therefore there are factors that is designed to make it a healthy place, these factors includes,sweeping of the floor, Proper disposal of refuse, washing of the toilets, and proper arrangement of clothes etc.

PROPERTIES OF A HEALTHY HOUSE

  • Roof
  • Size of rooms
  • Good ventilation
  • Power supply
  • Kitchen
  • Bathroom
  • Laundry
  • Toilet
  • Bathroom
  • Refuse disposal etc.

 

 

types of hygiene

 

 

 

 

DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.

 

This can also be identified as gastro intestinal disorders and disease. These diseases arecaused by pathogenand when an individual is attacked by any disease the function of the particularorgan will be inhibited

Disorder of the Digestive System

Constipation is referred as the retention of forces along the Intestinal track.

There are two types of Constipation Atomic Constipation and Spastic constipation

  • Atomic Constipation: this means that the bowel lacks tone, it cannot completely contract and relax for effective pushing out of the faeces. It can occur in sedentary workers.
  • Spastic Constipation: The Colon is full of Spasmodic Contraction and this isusually followed with Pains. There are some factors that Contributes to this type of Constipation. E.g. too much use of Laxatives, eating habits (over eating, eating in between meals, and the type of food eaten) and lack of exercise.

Sign and Symptoms of Constipation includes: discomfort, Irritability, headache,Fatigue, nausea, vomiting etc.

Method of control

  • Use proper diet– intake of maize, roughage, bone, vitamin D etc.
  • Form good health habit– take a lot of fruits and water or any kind of fluid because they are not too dry. Don’t hurry over your meal.
  • Exercise regularly– helps to relax muscle of the bowel.
  • Maintain good mental health– avoid emotional upset, tension, stress etc.

Gastro intestinal disorder

  • Typhoid Fever
  • Dysentery
  • Food poisoning or Salmonellosis

Diseases associated with organ of the Digestive system

  1. Jaundice
  2. Hepatocellular Jaundice
  3. Obstructive Jaundice
  4. Cirrhosis of the Liver
  5. Infective Hepatitis
  6. Serum Hepatitis

Care of the Intestinal Organ

  • Regular exercise and rest
  • Prompt and immediate medical attention
  • Provision of adequate diet
  • Control of emotion
  • Observing environmental hygiene

 

hygiene tips for girls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES

Everyone needs to be active and eat well to maintain a healthy lifestyle. itincreases your quality of Life and your Sense of well being. Physical activities reduces risk of range of health condition, and helps you manage the ones you already have

Benefits include:

  • Ability of the heart to withstand physical Stress,
  • Improves blood circulation because the heart is at rest after physical activity by pumping blood quickly.
  • It leads to proper intake of air because the lungs are fully utilized
  • It Improves digestion by increasing peristalsis because the body cell need nutrient
  • It improves cholesterol levels
  • It improves blood sugar level
  • It reduces blood pressure

How much physical activities is needed for Adult

At Least moderation of 2 hours of Vigorous physical activity spread throughout the week.

Older Adult:Do 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on 5 days or more per week try to add 3 Sessions of flexibility and balance activities, and 2 session of muscle Strengthening activities per week!

Children and young people: children and young people should be doing at least 60 minutes of moderate for Vigorous Physical activities every day.

Tips for Staying Active

  • Set a goal
  • Make a day of it
  • Be active with others
  • Try a range of activities.
  • Have fun
  • Make Some Swaps
  • Make it normal

Types of Activities

  • Aerobic Activity
  • Flexibility
  • Balance
  • Seated activity

 

REST, RELAXATION AND SLEEP

REST: it can be defined as the reduction of more activity and cutting down of sensory stimulation. Rest is characterised by a period of inactivity, quietness and mediation, fatigue or tiredness usually follows most often activities indicating the need for rest so that body can regain vitality and efficiency.

RELAXATION: this is important mental phenomenon concerned with the reduction of tensions that could originate from muscular activity, but that more likely to result from pressures of contemporary living. Some advantages of relaxation includes; it reduces tension, it results to an improve efficiency, increased enjoyment of life.

SLEEP:this is a period of rest for the body and mind, during which volition and consciousness are partial or complete abeyance and the bodily functions partially suspended. Some of the benefits of sleep are; it affords opportunity for tissue repair and building, to restore energy, it removes tension, it facilitates muscular activity etc.

 

 

 

POSTURE AND BODY MECHANICS

This refers to inborn physical and body builds (body type somatotype). It is classified into three (3) categories according to certain physical differences that you can observe between individuals on the basis of the somatotype, the three categories of body types are as follows;

  1. Ectomorph
  2. Mesomorph
  3. Endomorph

Posture: it is the positioning of the body at any particular time or given moment. Good posture can be characterised into- standing posture, sitting posture, walking posture, lifting posture. The factors that determine posture are somatotype, the skeleton, muscle tone, exercise, rest, and habit, absence of discomfort and absence of disease and arches of the foot. Advantages of good posture are it provides a feeling of ease, it reduces strain and fatigue, promotes body organ efficiency, etc. while the disadvantages of bad posture are -it decreases muscle tone, it sets in fatigue, it contributes to poor vision and poor hearing etc.

 

 

 

STRESS MANAGEMENT

STRESS: is an inordinate strain exerted upon mind or body, liable to cause impairment of mental or physical function.

TYPES OF STRESS

There is good and bad stress. It can be positive or negative,

Positive stress also called Eustress helps us to move up to higher ambitions, higher level. While Negative stress also called Distress pulls us down. Our body and mind need stress to thrive. Components of stress are stressors and stress response. Stress can be derived from the following sources; daily hassles, workplace, University environment, social factors, conditions of life, environmental factors, personal stressors, nutrition. Signs and symptoms of stress are classified into three (3) which are PHYSICAL(dry mouth, stomach upset, pounding heart etc.), EMOTIONAL(anxiety, depression, anger etc.) AND BEHAVIOURAL(loss of appetite, insomnia, procrastination etc.).

HOW TO MANAGE STRESS

  • Exercise
  • Humour
  • Talk
  • Rest
  • Sleep
  • Nutrition
  • Hobbies and pastimes

Four Cs of Stress Resistance

  • Control
  • Challenge
  • Commitment
  • Closeness

 

 

 

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