Definition of Chronic disease and causes Chronic diseases are define as condition/problems that stays for a year or longer and necessitate additional continuing medical attention, and health care impede daily activities, or both. Heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the top causes of death and disability in the United States. They are also the main drivers of the $3.8 trillion in annual health-care spending in the America.
A short list of risk behaviors causes many chronic diseases:
• Tobacco usage and secondhand smoke exposure.
• A lack of physical exercise and poor nutrition, including diets low in fruits and vegetables and heavy in sodium and saturated fats,
Definition of Chronic disease and causes
Simple definition of Chronic disease
Chronic disease is a medical term that refers to a long-term illness
A condition that lasts a long time is known as a chronic disease. According to the National Center for Health Statistics in the United States, a chronic condition is one that lasts three months or more. Chronic diseases can’t be prevented with immunizations or healed with medication, and they don’t go away on their own. Eighty-eight percent of Americans over the age of 65 suffer from at least one chronic illness (as of 1998). Tobacco use, lack of physical activity, and bad dietary habits are all key contributors to the most common chronic diseases.
Chronic diseases grow more widespread as people get older. Arthritis, cardiovascular illness such as heart attacks and strokes, cancer such as breast and colon cancer, diabetes, epilepsy and seizures, obesity, and oral health problems are among the most common chronic diseases in developed countries (in alphabetical order). In the United States, older persons suffer from each of these ailments (and other developed nations).
Arthritis and related diseases are the most common cause of disability in America , impacting about 43 million people. Although there are cost-effective therapies for reducing the impact of arthritis, they are underutilized. Regular, moderate exercise reduces joint pain and stiffness, builds strong muscle around the joints, and improves flexibility and endurance, all of which are beneficial to people with arthritis.
In America, cardiovascular disease is becoming more prevalent. Heart disease is the nation’s leading cause of death. Tobacco use, lack of physical activity, and poor nutrition are three health-related behaviors that significantly contribute to heart disease. It’s vital to change these habits in order to prevent and manage heart disease. Changes in one or more of these risk variables in the population could have a significant influence on public health.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death America. Cancer can be prevented, detected early, and treated to a considerable extent. Reducing the nation’s cancer burden necessitates lowering the prevalence of cancer-causing behavioral and environmental factors. It also requires ensuring that cancer screening services and high-quality treatment are available and accessible, particularly to medically undeserved populations.
• In America colorectal cancer is the second highest cause of cancer-related fatalities, accounting for 10% of all cancer deaths. As people get older, their chances of acquiring colorectal cancer increase. Colorectal cancer is linked to a lack of physical activity, a poor fruit and vegetable intake, a low-fiber diet, obesity, alcohol consumption, and cigarette use.
Flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, and the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) are three screening procedures that are widely approved and used to diagnose colorectal cancer early on, when therapy is most effective. In 1999, 66% of Americans aged 50 and above said they hadn’t had a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy in the previous five years, and 79% said they hadn’t had a fecal occult blood test in the previous year.
• Mammography detects breast cancer at its earliest, most treatable stage. Seventy-six percent of all breast cancer cases diagnosed are in women aged 50 and up.
Diabetes is a life-threatening, expensive, and increasingly common chronic illness. The major measures for preventing much of the burden of diabetes include early detection, improved treatment delivery, and better self-management. Diabetes affects seven million people aged 65 and higher (20.1 percent of the population in this age group), the majority of whom have type 2 diabetes.
Epilepsy and seizures impact around 2.3 million Americans and cost the country an estimated $12.5 billion in medical costs, as well as lost or reduced earnings and production. People