The art or profession of driving is one that cannot exclude the functions of driving school which include the inculcating of required driving knowledge and skills into drivers.  These can go a long way in the country.

G7 leaders declare that Putin will be held accountable

Over the years, Nigeria roads have been taking over by unlearn drivers, who engage in unwholesome driving practices that portend great hazards to other roads users. These negative practices have led to the destruction of valuable properties. In some cases, lives are lost.


Accounting Manager at Dogan’s Sugar Limited

In this topic, we shall be looking at the following objectives:

  • The art of driving
  • Meaning of learning
  • Types of learning
  • Meaning of a learner
  • Meaning of leaner’s driver
  • Qualification of a learner driver
  • The need for attending to classroom
  • Meaning of driver
  • Types of driver
  • Meaning of driving
  • Types of driving
  • Basic skill in driving
  • Types of transmission
  • The vehicle controls
  • Moving and stopping of vehicle

Senior Manager Transmission Services at the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission




The art or profession of driving is one that cannot exclude the functions of driving school which include the inculcating of required driving knowledge and skills into drivers.  These can go a long way in the country.


Over the years, Nigeria roads have been taking over by unlearn drivers, who engage in unwholesome driving practices that portend great hazards to other roads users. These negative practices have led to the destruction of valuable properties. In some cases, lives are lost.



The art of driving simply means ability of someone to learn all the necessary rudiment about driving. However, it is important for any to be driver to learn the habit of defensive driving which will protect him/her from any form of accident on the road.



Learning simply means acquisition of knowledge in order to perform new things. Learning takes place every day of our lives in as much as we are still living. The day someone stops learning such a person starts dying. Therefore, learning must be done with the aim of achieving a desirable behaviour which is acceptable in the society. The application of knowledge is called“Wisdom” so, wisdom is required for anyone that want to drive on the road, in other to safe his/her life.



There are types of learning:

  • Superficial learning
  • Indept learning
  • Over learning
  • Learning by imitation
  • Learning by dialogue between you and your driving instructor
  • Learning by assumption.



A learner is someone undergoing any form of training, in order to acquire knowledge in that area. A learner is under the supervision of an instructor. He/she takes directive from the instructor. Learning can be in any vocation such as, bead making, baking, tailoring, etc.


A learner driver is someone that is learning how to drive a motor vehicle under the supervision of an instructor. In this instance, the learner mounts the steering from the very first day he/she registered in driving school. He/she is learning and at the same time driving which makes him/her a learner driver. A learner driver does not end in the driving school, it entails learning you do until you obtain your driving license.Driving with your personal car you must always know that you are still a beginnerand learner which you require supervision or an instructor for you to be able to drive well, and at the same time obey the traffic laws.


Even though you may have received an excellent training at a driving school and have passed your test, you should still essentially regard yourself as a beginner for whom it will be necessary to acquire a great deal of practical experience, before you can consider yourself reasonably safe on the road.



  • You must be eighteen years and above (18 – above)
  • You must be of a stable mind, that is not giving to alcohol
  • You must be sane not insane.
  • You must obtain a learners permit from Government which enable you drive on the road.
  • You must attach sign ‘L’ both at front and back of your vehicle.
  • You must attend an approved driving school, where you obtain a certificate of competency and proficiency.
  • You must be guided by an instructor, failure to do this attract a fine from government.
  • A learner is not allowed to drive on the high way.
  • A learner must not be involve in speeding while learning on the road.
  • A learner is not encourageto drive at night, due to inadequate experience he/she has gathered.



  • Driving requires classroom training as much as practical training.
  • Learning in the classroom replaces ignorance with knowledge.
  • Learning the theory in the classroom will enable the learner to acquire proper and complete knowledge in driving.
  • It is required by the law of FRSC that all learners must undergo classroom instruction.
  • It is in the classroom that learners are acquitted on basic driving skill, such as, vehicle checks, vehicle parade, vehicle mechanism and vehicle maintenance.
  • The classroom instruction enable the learner to ask question from or to the instructor.
  • Leaners are prepared for examination through teaching and learning in the classroom.



A driver is anyone that has undergone training on how to drive a motor vehicle. A driver is a person who manipulate a vehicle to enable it move from one point to another. He is someone who is above eighteen years and license to operate a motor vehicle for public and private purpose.

Job-Investor Relations Manager at Dangote Group


There are basically two types of driver on our roads:

  • Professional / Commercial
  • Non-Professional / Private



Driving simply means the art and act of moving a motor vehicle from one destination to another. The issue of driving requires special attention.

Howeveris common for people to just get into a vehicle and drive without former training, thereby endangering not only their lives but the lives of others. The act of driving require good knowledge, good skill and good understanding of the risk on the road. This skill can only be acquired through a deliberate and well-structured program as its obtainable in the driving school. It therefore important skill needed for safe driving.

Assistant Manager – Accounts at the Nigerian Electricity Commission


  • Offensive Driving – Driving done to commit an offense
  • Defensive Driving – Driving done to save life, home, properties.



  • Concentration
  • Anticipation
  • Alertness
  • Good knowledge of traffic rules and regulation and road signs and marking.




  • Before opening the door of the vehicle, look under the vehicle to check if there is any leakage oil or water.
  • Check your tyres
  • Unlock the vehicle with keys or mobilize
  • Open the drivers’ side door of the vehicle
  • Unlock the bonnet
  • Do the daily vehicle cheeking (radiator, water, oil pot, dash board, fuel, tyre and brake).
  • Enter the vehicle again
  • Sit down on the driver’s seat
  • Adjust the seat either forward or backward, and the three mirrors (inner and side mirrors) according to the driver’s height and comfort. Adjusting the seat to a comfortable position will prevent cramps to the driver’s limbs, which affects the ability to operate the pedals and steering easily.
  • Fasten the seat belts, even if the trip is intended to be a short one.
  • Switch on the ignition
  • Engage the gear
  • Release the handbrake
  • Gently release the left foot from the clutch as the right foot presses the accelerator pedal.



Transmission simply means the movement of a vehicle, when all the parts are working together.


We have two types of transmission:

  • Manual Transmission
  • Automatic Transmission





The manual gear box is operated with a clutch pedal.

  • Gear are changed to match the speed of the vehicle to the road conditions. The gear can only be changed from a lower to a higher gear sequentially i.e., from gear 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5.


  • When stopping or slowing down, change from high to low gear. E.g. from 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1.
  • When there is brake failure, use the gear to stop the vehicle, instead of pressing the brake pedal. Reduce speed gradually by using the gear (deceleration) e.g. from gear 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 and finally look for a safe place like a heap of sand and wedge the vehicle, to bring to a stop.


  • Avoid clashing the gears, by selecting theinappropriate higher gear, if the intention is to move faster, select a higher gear. Inadvertent selection of a lower gear would lead to the clashing of gear.


  • Gears can also be clashed when it is wrongly engaged without depressing the clutch pedal fully or engaging the gear by force.


  • Most vehicles are now fitted with five-speed gear box, plus the reverse, making it six, while some still have four-speed gear box. The fifth gear helps in reducing stress on the engine. The gear being engaged must therefore be related to the speed of the vehicle as follows:

Gear 1 – 0 10km/ph.

Gear 2 – 10 – 20km/ph.

Gear 3 – 20 – 60km/ph.

Gear 4 – 60 – 100km/ph.

Gear 5 – 100km/ph and above.


  • Reverse gear is only used when you are moving backward.



Automatic gear box is operated without a clutch pedal and the gears would change automatically on their own.


The gear change automatically in relation to the speed and acceleration of the vehicle. There are usually three or four forward gears which the transmission itself selects according to the engine capacity.


The automatic transmission has the following features:

P – Park:                  For starting the engine and for stopping for an extended

length the time and for parking.


N – Neutral:            For starting the engine, disengages the engine from the drive wheels.


R – Reverse:           For moving backwards. You must bring the vehicle to a complete stop before changing from a forward gear to reverse and vice versa.


D – Drive:                For normal forward driving conditions. When the vehicle is in motion, the selector should remain in drive, but when the engine is on idle speed, the selector should be in neutral position with the hand brake for stop.


2 – 3 / 2 – 4:           Lower gears for driving with heavy loads or through a rough terrain, or for climbing a hill.


2:                                For driving on slippery surface or up and down steep inclines.

1:                               For driving very slowly when off the highway.



There are steps that must be adopted in moving and stopping of a vehicle. In manual transmission it involve the three pedals that is:


  • The Clutch
  • The Brake
  • Accelerator Pedal.


To move a manual carit is between clutch and accelerator while to stop the sameis between clutch and brake.


In an automatic transmission moving and stopping is between the brake and accelerator, because it has only two pedals. Details of it shall be done practically.



The basic concepts of starting and shifting through the gears is a manageable process for just about anyone. To drive a manual, you’ll need to familiarize yourself with the clutch, become comfortable with the gearstick, and practice starting, stopping, and shifting gears at various driving speeds.





Get ur copy here chat us on comment session


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: